NAPA Pilot Projects

Presently, four (4) Implementing Partners-IPs have been acknowledged by the climate change unit. Ministry of Water and Environment of Uganda to pilot the implementation of the priority areas identified under NAPA.

The institutions which have been identified for NAPA piloting submitted proposals to climate change unit with objectives, identified activities and budget.

The IPs include Agency for Sustainable Development (ASDI), Development Network of indigenous voluntary Associations (DENIVA), Production Department Nakasongola District Local Government and Bundibugyo District Local Government.

Funding for the four projects has been entirely provided through a grant by the Danish Government

Overview of NAPA in Uganda

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) initiated at its 7th Conference of the Parties (COP 7) in Marrakech, Morocco the development of National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPA). Therefore the UNFCCC is following a general concern and recognition that Least Developed Countries (LDC) and small island developing countries are the most vulnerable to adverse effects of climate change.

The NAPA provide a quick process for LDCs to identify priority activities that respond to their urgent and immediate needs to adapt to climate change – those for which further delay would increase vulnerability and/or costs at a later stage.

The Government of Uganda (GoU) has endorsed the Ugandan NAPA and is committed to its implementation. This is an implication to the recognition of climate change being obvious in Uganda and adaptation the impact of climate change is needed

The Ugandan NAPA was launched in 2007 and a strategy for its implantation was developed under the leadership of the meteorology department. In a participatory community based approach covering the different ecological regions of the country the important intervention areas were identified. Based on these intervention areas nine generic and not area specific project profiles were developed whose implementation is urgent and targeted by GoU:

  1. Community Tree Growing Project
  2. Land Degradation Project
  3. Strengthening Meteorological Services
  4. Community Water and Sanitation Project
  5. Water for Production Project
  6. Drought Adaptation Project
  7. Vectors, Pests and Disease Control Project
  8. Indigenous Knowledge and Natural Resources Management Project
  9. Climate Change and Development Planning Project

The NAPA implementation strategy for Uganda focuses on the enhancement of resilience and therefore adopts an integrated/ programmatic approach to implementation of the above interventions. Emphasis of implementation of the NAPA lies on communities and ecosystem adaptation as a strategy to avert the looming calamity of climate change in the most vulnerable communities of Uganda. Full implementation will lead to communities resilient to impacts of climate change.

Section Adaptation

Within the Climate Change Unit (CCU) the Section Adaptation concerns with the special issues of addressing the impacts of climate change. Presently, the team consists of two officers and one long-term trainee who coordinate the national programmes and international commitments related to adaptation in close cooperation with the other sections of CCU.

Background Adaptation to Climate Change in Uganda

Climate change is one of the greatest challenges affecting the world today. As the world’s climate changes and continues to change at rates unprecedented in recent human history, it is true that the impacts and risks related with these changes are existent.

Also in Uganda these changes are already influencing many systems essential for human livelihood, including water resources, food security and health. This causes a great challenge for sustainability of life, ecosystems, livelihoods and indeed the development of the economy in Uganda. Accordingly there is need to adapt to the inevitable effects of climate change as well as to facilitate the development of techniques that can assist increase resilience to the climate change impacts.

Uganda is one of the countries that are greatly vulnerable to climate change impacts, in respect of climate variability including increasing temperatures, increased frequency and intensity of rainfall, heat waves, droughts, floods and storms. The regions and ecosystems across the country, like the mountain regions, the lowlands and the cattle corridor, differ in their vulnerability and adaptive capacity. In general the sectors most vulnerable to climate change impacts are agriculture, water supply, health, transport, housing and personal safety and security.

The economy and the well being of the people of Uganda are tightly bound to climate, especially because over 80% of the population is rural and depending on rain fed agriculture, that is prone to impacts of climate variability. The climate change and variability in the coming century will inflate the frequency and intensity of extreme weathers events and has the potential to halt or reverse the country’s development trajectory. In particular this will reveal in increased food insecurity, shift in the spread of diseases like malaria, soil erosion and land degradation followed by landslides, flood damage to infrastructure as well as settlement and in lower productivity of agriculture and natural resources. The events of the past years clearly illustrated the magnitude of the problem. In Uganda the frequency of droughts has increased. An increase in intensities and frequency of heavy rains, floods and landslides as well as outbreaks of associated waterborne diseases with the floods were also observed. It will be the poor and vulnerable who will feel the increase of these impacts the hardest.

In line with the need of the country to address these impacts and the international commitments of Uganda the government addresses the problem and developed adaptation activities and programmes. The more active Uganda will be, the less it will cost and the better equipped Uganda will be to cope with future changes. Successful forward planning – not just responding to emergency situations – will ensure life and development sustainability. Hence adaptation needs to be integrated into good development practice so that development and adaption actions become mutually reinforcing.

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