The Government of Uganda, through the Climate Change Unit (CCU), Ministry of Water and Environment (MWE) and in collaboration with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is delivering the Low Emission Capacity Building (LECB) Project for Uganda. The LECB Programme is supported through generous contributions by the European Commission, the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), the Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency and AusAID, while implemented by UNDP. The LECB Programme runs through 2016 and is active in twenty five countries around the globe, including: Argentina, Bhutan, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, DRC, Ecuador, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Kenya, Lebanon, Malaysia, Mexico, Moldova, Morocco, Peru, Philippines, Tanzania, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, Uganda, Vietnam and Zambia.
The LECB project aims to strengthen Uganda’s technical and institutional capacity to develop national greenhouse gas inventory systems, and Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) and their associated measurement, reporting and verification (MRV).The Low Emission Capacity Building Project Uganda is part of the Low Emission Capacity Building Programme.
The sectors where there is sufficient emission reduction potential and therefore where NAMAs have been specified are: Agriculture, Energy, Transport and Waste. The criteria used to determine the list of prioritized NAMAs included: emission reduction potential; contribution to sustainable development; alignment with national development goals; market and technological potential; potential co-benefits; and financial feasibility and / or social acceptability.
The project will develop up to two NAMAs that have sustainable development co-benefits such as increased clean energy generation and access, new technology investment opportunities, improved health, increased employment opportunities and overall economic growth and poverty reduction. Several outputs have been produced at the development phase such as Uganda’s NAMA Status Report, Fact sheets for up to 40 NAMAs in the Agriculture, Energy, Transport and Waste sectors, concept notes for 2 shortlisted NAMAs per sector and 2 detailed NAMAs proposal for immediate financing and implementation
Key lessons from Uganda’s LECB NAMA development process
Uganda’s vulnerability to climate change impacts remains a key reminder of the need to evaluate her readiness and preparedness to counter these negative and often diverse effects. Over the years, droughts, over flooding and landslides among others have affected communities in as many negative ways such as loss of property, life and other livelihoods. The quality of life has also reduced given the burden placed by numerous uncoordinated effects on the environment. Disease is rampant, healthy lifestyles continue to suffer, poverty is on the increase, development is stifled and Uganda’s population, one of the highest in the world continues to grow at an estimated rate of 3.1 percent according to the Uganda Bureau of Statistics.
These issues were in the minds of close to 90 key participants at many stakeholder engagements held between May to October 2013 with the Low Emission Capacity Building (LECB) Project on Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) coordinated by Climate Change Unit (CCU) at Ministry of Water and Environment (MWE) on behalf of Government of Uganda and implemented by United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) through the generous contribution of the following donors; the European Commission, the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), the Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency and AusAID. The LECB Programme runs through 2016 and is active in twenty five countries around the globe.
Among the lessons learnt on the project so far were; the need to involve stakeholders, embrace multi-sectoral approaches, engage the private sector through public private partnerships, and generate and disseminate information throughout the process of development of NAMAs and later implementation.